Designing Menu using Sitemap and asp menu control

December 6, 2007 at 1:25 pm (.NET, ASP.NET, Web Design)

Menu can also be designed using the sitemap and the asp menu control. For this first the structure of the menu need to be designed first. Then web.sitemap for the menu is designed. web.Sitemap is an XML file that should be stored in the root directory of the website. It contains a root node <siteMapNode>. This node in turn contains multiple sitemap node for each menu item. Sitemap node has the following important attributes title, url and description.

Title : specifies the text need to be displayed on the page.

Url : Specifies the link path.

description : Specifies the tooltip text.

Part of web.sitemap is displayed below:-

<?xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”utf-8″ ?>
<siteMap xmlns=”http://schemas.microsoft.com/AspNet/SiteMap-File-1.0&#8243; >
<siteMapNode>
<siteMapNode url=”” title=”Tour Resources” description=”Tour Resources” >
<siteMapNode url=”” title=”Route Notes &amp; Tour info” description=”Route Notes and Tour info”>
<siteMapNode url =”../et_uk_rns.aspx” title =”Route Notes ET” description =”Route Notes ET”/>
<siteMapNode url =”../gat_rns.aspx” title =”Route Notes GAT” description =”Route Notes GAT”/>
<siteMapNode url =”../tour_summaries.aspx” title =”Tour Summaries” description =”Tour Summaries”/>
<siteMapNode url =”../tour_schedules.aspx” title =”Tour Schedules” description =”Tour Schedules”/>
</siteMapNode>
<siteMapNode url=”../educationlm.aspx” title=”Educational Material” description=”Educational Material”></siteMapNode>
<siteMapNode url=”” title=”Free Time Posters” description=”Free Time Posters”>
<siteMapNode url =”../et_cityins.aspx” title =”Free Time Posters ET” description =”Free Time Posters ET”></siteMapNode>
<siteMapNode url =”../gat_cityins.aspx” title =”Free Time Posters GAT” description =”Free Time Posters GAT”></siteMapNode>
<siteMapNode url =”../cb_cityins.aspx” title =”Free Time Posters CB” description =”Free Time Posters CB”></siteMapNode>
</siteMapNode>
<siteMapNode url=”../extrawts.aspx” title=”Walking Tours” description=”Walking Tours”></siteMapNode>
<siteMapNode url=”” title=”TD Travel” description=”TD Travel”>
<siteMapNode url =”../tdovernight.aspx” title =”TD Overnights” description =”TD Overnights”></siteMapNode>
<siteMapNode url =”../tdflights.aspx” title =”TD Flights” description =”TD Flights”></siteMapNode>
</siteMapNode>

Then in the page where the menu need to be displayed, we need to use asp SiteMapDataSource control. Then we can use asp menu control and point the DatasourceId to the above SiteMapDataSource.

Sample Code:-

<asp:Menu DataSourceID=”SiteMapDataSource1″ ID=”Menu1″ runat=”server” BackColor=”#FFFFFF” BorderColor=”#F57F2C” BorderWidth=”1px” DynamicHorizontalOffset=”2″ StaticSubMenuIndent=”10px” >
<DynamicMenuStyle BackColor=”White” BorderColor=”#F57F2C” BorderWidth=”1px” />
<StaticMenuItemStyle BorderColor=”#F57F2C” BorderWidth=”1px” HorizontalPadding=”5px” VerticalPadding=”2px” />
<DynamicMenuItemStyle BorderColor=”#F57F2C” BorderWidth=”1px” HorizontalPadding=”5px” VerticalPadding=”2px” Font-Bold = “true” Font-Italic = “true” Font-Names = “verdana” Font-Size = “small” />
<%– <StaticSelectedStyle BackColor=”#F57F2C” BorderColor=”#F57F2C” BorderWidth=”1px” ForeColor=”White” />
<DynamicSelectedStyle BackColor=”#F57F2C” BorderColor=”#F57F2C” BorderWidth=”1px” ForeColor=”White”/> –%>
<StaticHoverStyle BackColor=”#F57F2C” BorderColor=”#F57F2C” BorderWidth=”1px” ForeColor=”White” />
<DynamicHoverStyle BackColor=”#F57F2C” ForeColor=”White”/>
</asp:Menu>
<asp:SiteMapDataSource ID=”SiteMapDataSource1″ Runat=”server” ShowStartingNode=”false”/>

ShowStartingNode : It specifies that the sitemapdatasource should not display the root node in the menu.

Note:-

SiteMapDataSource will get the data from web.sitemap automatically.

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21 Comments

  1. vijaybabu said,

    im currently using the same of method of menu with sitemap data source. my problem is,

    if i access 0th item its title is coming correctly like this

    mainmenu.items[0].text.tostring();

    but when i access 1th or >1th item, an error is coming that value is out of range

    mainmenu.items[1].text.tostring();

    when i check the mainmenu.count it is 1. i dont understand how is working.

  2. nirmal kumar said,

    If the count is 1 it means there is only one item in menu which is the 0th item. Hence when you access “mainmenu.items[1].text.tostring();” it will throw an error.

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    Grant you just made yourself something to do with it,

  5. Dalip said,

    am new to asp.net, will this demo project works if my horizontal menu comes from sql database

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